Starting March 15, 2016, visa-exempt foreign nationals who fly to or transit through Canada will need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA). Exceptions include U.S. citizens and foreign nationals with a valid visa. Canadian citizens, including dual citizens, are not eligible to apply for an eTA and are strongly encouraged to travel with a valid Canadian passport.
All travellers must present acceptable travel documents and identification must be presented at the border.
United States – citizens
You do not need a visa or an eTA to visit or transit Canada.
United States – permanent residents
Starting March 15, 2016, you need an eTA to visit or transit Canada by air. You can apply now for an eTA.
If you travel before March 15, 2016, you do not need an eTA but you can still apply for one.
For now, make sure you travel with acceptable travel documents and identification, such as a valid passport.
If you travel by land or sea, you will not need an eTA when you enter Canada. However, you must travel with acceptable travel documents and identification.
How to apply for an eTA
Applying for an eTA is a simple online process that takes just a few minutes. To apply you must have a valid passport or accepted travel document, credit card, and email address.